Cerebrium’s fine-tuning functionality is in public beta and we are adding more functionality each week! If there are any issues or if you have an urgent requirement, please reach out to support

Curating your dataset is arguably the most important step in fine-tuning a diffusion model.
The quality of your dataset will determine the quality of your outputs, so spending extra time on this step is highly recommended.

Curation guidelines

The following is a set of guidelines to keep in mind when curating your dataset:

  • Images should be sized to 512 x 512 for stable diffusion v1.5.
    • If not, we’ll resize them for you, but this may result in a loss of quality.
  • Your images should all be upright or in the same orientation.
  • Keep the number of training images low. Aim for between 10 and 15 as your model may not converge if you use too many.
  • Make sure your images are of the same class. For example, if you are fine-tuning the prompt “Photo of a dog”, all of your images should be of dogs.

If you are doing style-based fine-tuning:

  • Fine-tune a single style at a time.
  • Keep the style consistent across all of your images.
  • Keep the colouring consistent across all of your images.

For object-focused fine-tuning, each of your images should contribute new information on the subject.
You can do this by varying:

  • camera angle
    (although try to keep the side of the object that is photographed consistently across your dataset. i.e. only take photos from the front)
  • pose
  • props or styles
  • background in the photos (if you would like varied backgrounds in your outputs.)
  • If your results are not what you expected, try training for more epochs or adding a new token to describe your object.

File structure

The following is the file structure that Cerebrium expects for your local dataset:

├── image0.jpg
├── image1.jpg
├── image2.jpg
├── image3.jpg

Where your image files can be named whatever you choose provided they are images in any of the following formats:

  • jpg
  • png
  • jpeg

It is important to keep all your images under the same folder and use the train_image_dir parameter to specify the path to your dataset folder. Similarly, if you are using prior preservation, you can also specify the path to your prior class dataset folder using the prior_class_image_dir parameter.

Using prior preservation

Stable diffusion models are prone to catastrophic forgetting of classes when training. This means that fine-tuning a model on a new prompt may cause it to forget how to generate other prompts in the same class.
For example, if you have finetuned your model on a new prompt, say “Photo of a sdf dog” and supplied photos of a Labrador, your model may only predict photos of a labrador when asked for photos of a dog.

Therefore prior preservation works as a kind of regularizer for stable diffusion models that will still be generating other prompts in the same class.

The idea is to supervise the fine-tuning process with the model’s own generated samples of the class noun. In practice, this means having the model fit both the new images and the generated images simultaneously during training.

To use a prior class in training, there are two options:

  • The first is to provide the generation prompt for the prior class (eg. prior_class_prompt: "Photo of a dog") and the number of prior images you require (eg. num_prior_class_images: 10).
    Cerebrium will generate these images at training time.

  • Alternatively, if you would like to generate these images beforehand, you can upload the prior class image dataset and the prompt used to generate them.
    When curating a prior class dataset, the goal is to select a wide variety of outputs from your model.